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2017년 3월 26일

Hye Ja Moon’s ideal painting work

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Hye Ja Moon’s ideal painting work- Mondrian and Matisse

(Soyoung Cho/Art critic )


Harmonielehre - (Artist Hye Ja Moon’s paintings and music)

*When visiting Artist Hye Ja Moon’s studio, I seemed to become a curious Alice in Wonderland where an emotional language and strict logical gestures are mixed and floating about. She remarked that she pursues after Mondrian’s composition and Matisse’s being loose. Above all, her paintings must be understood in accordance with the music being played during her work. Otherwise, we have to be satisfied with an appreciation only in half. In some ways, the music she listens to definitely has a certain connection with her artistic pursuit, “Mondrian to Matisse”. Therefore, the artist Hye Ja Moon’s works are to be explained according to such music as she has chosen recently first. Then, artist’s unraveled craft is to be paralleled with 12 musical scales theorized by Schoenberg, who is a pioneer of minimalist in music history, and plastic elements seen in the paintings by Mondrian and Matisse.

*I. The art works and music for Moon, Hye Ja

*Hye Ja Moon employs the title of her favorite music that has helped her to construct art works, not names them apart. Her recent works are named  Harmonielehre, Composition, A singer Bjork and Heartbreak Wonderland as they all are the titles of contemporary music which the artist has got the motive for her works.

*Musical piece Harmonielehre was composed by John Adams in 1985. The name of composition stands for ‘study of harmony’ in German, which is a book written by Arnold Schoenberg. The music work gets the fame for combining Schoenberg’s harmonic principles with minimalism. Moon usually paints on a large canvas when listening to the musical piece Harmonielehre. It might be the reason because the musical piece is composed of three movements: the first movement begins with the minimalist style of Arnold Schoenberg. However, about half way through the movement diverts from the minimalism and the expressivity goes far from the formal minimalism. In other words, two different musical eras make a harmony in one piece of music. It is plausible that the artist would dream the rendezvous of two distinguished eras in art history, Mondrian and Matisse, through the music Harmonielehre.

*A Singer Bjork series were made while the artist listened to Bjork’s music. In 1979, Bjork released her first album with Exodus, a jazz fusion group and she has continued to adopt various musical forms to express the joy of life, lightness of being, and emotional sensations etc. using mystic modern electrical instruments to classical harp with her wanderer’s voice. Through the song the singer pours various sensations all at once. The Artist Moon, through A Singer Bjork series, tried to pour various sensations onto a canvas.  That might be causing the works seem to be a little thicker in density of colors and brush strokes compared to other works. Both Bjork and World’s End Girlfriend lead the artist to a great journey towards the mystic world. The work Heart Break Wonderland series show the varied speed of brush strokes and different layers of colors with tension and looseness that help us to travel the world of colors.

*Heart Break Wonderland series are considered to show more various features among the artist’s recent works. A Japanese musician named Katsuhiko Maeda released Heart Break Wonderland in World’s End Girlfriend which has brought him a fame.

*II. Hye Ja Moon’s ideal painting work- Mondrian and Matisse

*It seems difficult to notice the harmony of Mondrian, who eliminated changing natural elements and extracted structural elements to express the real and completed neo-plasticism, and Matisse, who maximized the effect of intense colors through color contrast and represented Fauvism. However, through her works the artist Moon implies her own harmony which can be inferred to freely expressed paintings with principles. At first, the two principles that have been consistently applied to the artist’s works are those: principle one is a contrast color and two serial colors, principle two is background color and the original drawing must not be completely covered. She not only sticks to those principles but also expresses her inspiration with free and impromptu brush strokes and structure. In Harmonielehre by John Adams, such combinations of the two different eras in musical history are heard. However, apart from music paintings can only approach the given space to show all the stream of time in forms and contents.

*Hye Ja Moon adopted the above mentioned principles as the basic elements, and similarly Mondrian left the structural elements of vertical and horizontal lines to express the real. There are artist’s principles of one contrast color and two serial colors and not totally covering the background lying behind her bright and freely painted colors with pure tones. *A minimalist in music, Arnold Schoenberg(1874-1951) put forward to the principle that the 12 notes of the chromatic scale appear in a set to form a row as the unifying basis for a composition and he offered absolute equality to every musical note. Such minimal principle has a characteristic appearing in Moon’s: her second principle is to balance all the elements of painting such as background colors, drawn lines for sketch, and colors. She keeps the idea in her mind all the time even when she is charmed by music and indulged into her painting with her brush dancing on the canvas. She turns the corner of the canvas not to paint a spot excessively, and the self-restraint enhances the emotional entropy. She never forgets room for background color and the draft drawing so that all the elements could wiggle with the splendid colors on them. For the artist the background color, the draft drawing, and the surface colors are equal parts of the work. The artist Moon harmoniously put Mondrian and Matisse into her artistic wonderland through equally combining put full of emotion and plastic elements.

Soyoung Cho(Art critic )

최근 게시물
  • Admin
    7월 17일

    *The latest works by Hyeja Moon can be considered as the landmark that shows her long thoughts in her mind have reached to the starting point of her painting career all the way again. That is “Matisse’s colors and Mondrian’s abstracts geometric.” She titled the works <Compositions of Two Light Sources>. And the two light sources are, of course, Matisse and Mondrian who have long occupied her heart ever. What influences on Hyeja Moon’s work did those two great artists have? Matisse and Mondrian respectively. *First, according to Matisse, sound is granted its unique characteristic by music, and colors get their beauty by the composition of visual arts. Matisse also had an effort to revive the beauty of pure colors and to limit pictorial details so that he was able to focus on his themes. *As mentioned above, Hyeja Moon influenced by Matisse also shows a similar usage of colors and composition: using pure colors without mixing them on the pallet and leaving out details to focus on the themes. Especially, in the series of <Composition of two light sources> 2019 she expresses her dynamic energy with the least pictorial elements like lines, faces, and colors. The two light sources are not drawn or painted, but they can be inferred by the composition. On the canvas the undrawn light sources are composed with the lines, colors, and faces. The two light sources let the light rays go anywhere forward even though they are not drawn. *Secondly, the artist’s notes are going to be cited to see how Mondrian’s abstract geometric influenced Moon’s upcoming series. Mondrian expressed the idea that we were able to get to the essence when we analyze and simplify something through the creation of the De Stijl movement. In fact, Hyeja Moon the artist, in her note in 2015, mentioned that she was greatly influenced by Mondrian’s <Broadway Boogie-woogie>. She was startled to the work of art by Mondrian because the straight lines and dots and colors that separates the screen seemed to be dancing for music. Moon in her note in 2015 wrote that she wished the viewers to have such free feeling of fullness through her works as if she experienced through the work of Mondrian. In conclusion, Matisse and Mondrian are the two light sources (the motives) through the world of her work. The decorative and dynamic energy she has analyzed, observed and implemented for a long time is represented solely in lines, faces, and colors in the upcoming series of her work <Composition of two light sources>. This work is the result of her always agonizing over “how to draw the most liberating painting without being tied to everything” (artist note April, 2000). – Critic Soyoung Cho, April 8, 2019
  • Admin
    1월 1일

    *1. The artist Hyeja Moon considered the philosophy of off-loading as something meaningful in the composition series (2018) and she still pushes it forward. She has split the image in some ways without putting the light source in the center while being obsessed with the light source. Recently, however, she left the center of the canvass unpainted, where she used to paint the light source. Instead, after drawing the radiative lays of the light source, she draws a few dotted circles multi-layered. These circles remind of waves. The latest works are two types. One has the layers of dotted circles around the center which is left with the background color. The other has a little dark colored center and a distinct circle around it. Also, the latter has many layers like annual rings or light waves. *2. Her previous works showed the intense light source in the center which was considered as the origin of dynamic power in the context. Therefore, by leaving the center alone is quite new. Also, by leaving the center with the ground color the radiative rays change their direction toward the center not out-going, convergence not diffusion. The previous works of the light series represented giving off the light, energy, and dynamic power etc. On the other hand, in the recent paintings she changed the direction of the power and energy toward the center. Emitting the light turned into collecting and focusing the lays like the eye, photoreceptor. That is very intriguing change. *3. Through her established works, she tried to give off her creative energy with impromptu dynamism. Now, all the changes of her paintings taken together, her attitude of life may have been changed into something like contemplation and meditation. The music the artist always keeps at hand while painting changed. The album full of beautiful songs is produced by her own daughter, Young-im Lee, and the several song lyrics are written by Bub-hueng, a Buddhist monk. The meditation music she listens to while working backs up my speculation above. Artist Hye-ja Moon equipped with such meditation music will walk on and on until she found nowhere to go. 2018-12-29 by Soyoung Cho
  • Admin
    2018년 5월 14일

    *The attachment on <Composition – The philosophy of offloading> (2018) * The philosophy on light dug into by Hyeja Moon through her paintings as <Music for charms of the night sky 005> (2016), <The Sun> series (2017), and <Composition> series (2017) _ Soyoung Cho, Art Critic, 2018. *Over the past three years, Hyeja Moon has spread out various points of view and colors on the canvas for a theme, light. Year by year, it has been a challenge for me to follow the trace of her toil on light. Hyeja Moon’s recent work <Composition – the Philosophy of offloading> (2018) is the quiescence and ensemble of her previous works into which she wanted to put the thrill and joy that she got on the way home from her studio a few years ago when a light of street lamp hit her eyes and quickened her heart beat. *The artist Moon has a peculiar aptitude for the pictorial composition, and makes a new work by adding or subtracting pictorial elements with dexterity. The latest work of hers, <Composition –the Philosophy of offloading> got its subtitle on account of her attitude of light source, one of her main themes. First of all, she puts all the ideas on the light and colors on the canvas. Then, she paints the light source out of it. It was the most impressive part of all. She has occupied herself by filling elements on the canvas for some time. However, this time she beautifully filled the elements of light with the canvas, but no described the light source. That is, the artist tells nothing about the light source, but it reveals itself by not describing. *In 2016, Moon painted her intensive passion about light which was shown through her work <Music for Charms of the Night Sky 005>. In 2017, serial works <The Sun> and <The Light> demonstrated the nature of light: 1) Light travels in straight lines. 2) Light particles vary. She experimented how different effects were resulted according to the ratio of the two composing elements in the small sized <Composition> series in 2017. *After years of studying, she filled <Composition – the Philosophy of offloading> (2018) with all the elements of past works such as <The Music for Charms of the Night Sky 005>, <The Sun>, <The Light> and <Composition> series (2017). The light source that had captured Moon’s heart in a moment positioned in the center of <Composition – the Philosophy of offloading> (2018). Now, it is ready to capture the viewers’. Whereas the spatial effect of convergence and spread out in the work <Composition – the Philosophy of offloading> (2018) seems alike with <The Light> (2017), linear division in <Composition>series (2017) changed into circular in <Composition – the Philosophy of offloading> (2018). * This way, Moon collected all her toils about the theme of light for the last three years into this work. Nonetheless, she put all the stories and explanations away. Colorful plastic episodes hide themselves. The artist does not say, “The light is there”. She just says, “Let it be”. This is the part where her sagacity and experience appear.